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The Seminar on Sinicization and New Development of Marxist Theory of Human Rights was Held Successfully

On December 9, 2017, the seminar on Sinicization and New Development of Marxist Theory of Human Rights, which was one of the series activities of Constitution and Human Rights Week, was held successfully in the meeting room 205 of Mingde Law Building of Renmin University of China. Scholars and experts specialized in human rights from Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China Society for Human Rights Studies and Fudan University and other universities and institutes attended the seminar.

Professor Zhu Liyu presided over the seminar, and Professor Han Dayuan gave the opening speech. In the opening speech, Professor Han Dayuan thanked the guests for attending this seminar and introduced the background of the seminar. Firstly, Professor Han Dayuan pointed out that the year of 2017 remarked the 80th anniversary of the founding of Renmin University of China. Renmin Law School had always beard a historical mission to study the sinicization of Marxist Jurisprudence, which definitely included the sinicization course of Marxist human rights theory. After the 19th CPC National Congress, the theoretical research, the teaching and the talent cultivation of human rights should grasp the direction according to the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress. Secondly, from December 7 to December 8, the first South-South Human Rights Forum adopted Beijing Declaration, which was full of new thinking on human rights theory and showed the open concept of human rights. The open concept of human rights was a community of shared destiny for mankind advocated by President Xi Jinping. President Xi Jinping emphasized that we should combine the universality and particularity of human rights. In the past, we mainly put emphasis on the particularity of human rights. Through South-South Human Rights Forum, we needed to think further on the universal value and particular value of the human rights development in the world from the perspective of Marxist human rights theory. Thirdly, we must answer what the essence of Marxist view of human rights was. We needed to state the contemporary Marxist view of human rights by clear language and systematic theories so that the world can know socialism and specific practice of Marxist view of human rights had also made contribution to current achievements of human rights. We should see the historical course, fundamentals, essence, contemporary historical mission, values and functions of Marxist view of human rights.

After the opening speech, Professor Gu Chunde and Professor Liu Hainian delivered keynote speeches. Professor Gu Chunde mentioned that the formation and innovation of Marxist view of human rights had a complicated and tortuous process. The Sinicized Marxist view of human rights formed and developed with the founding and development of Chinese Marxism, the promotion of rule of law and the development of human rights. He divided the theoretical exploration of Sinicized Marxist view of human rights from the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Communist Party to the 18th CPC National Congress into five stages. In the new era, we should insist on using Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as a guide in the theoretical exploration and innovation of promoting Sinicized Marxist view of human rights, adhere to China¡¯s national conditions, learn from the excellent civilization of human rights created by human society, build China¡¯s discourse system of human rights and arouse the enthusiasm of experts and scholars. Finally, he said that as researchers studying human rights theory, we should study the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress and grasp the scientific connotation of New Era.

In Professor Liu Hainian¡¯s speech, at first, he pointed out that the seminar was an important activity of specific implementation of the 19th CPC National Congress in the aspect of theoretical research, which had profound significant. Secondly, he introduced the historical course of Marxist human rights theoretical system. In 1991, the central government started theoretical research on human rights and put forward the construction of theoretical system of Marxist human rights. China attached great importance to the theoretical system of human rights, which can be seen from the practice. At present, the construction of human rights had been a major part of the construction of Chinese Socialism. Internationally, human rights also developed a lot. After the 19th CPC National Congress, the construction of human rights was more important. People had expectation for a better life. Marxism believed that right can not go beyond the development of social economy and culture, and right would request more when the social economy and culture developed further. The principle problem of the society had changed in Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era. In the end, our task was to meet the requirements of economy, social culture and environmental rights. These requirements were human rights. Under this circumstance, the research on Marxist human rights should use Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as a guide and adhere to the practical conditions in our country. Marxist theory of human rights must absorb and inherit the fruit of human civilization, which was our task.

Professor Zhu Liyu commented that Professor Gu Chunde and Professor Liu Hainian were the earliest scholars to engage in the research and education of Marxist theory of human rights. Their opinions and works had significant influence on promoting the research and education of human rights in our country. Professor Zhu Liyu also suggested that the speeches of Professor Gu Chunde and Professor Liu Hainian should be organized and concluded as historical data.

In free discussion, Zhao Jianwen, Professor of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that human rights used to be sensitive topic in China. He mentioned the pressure China beard due to human rights issues in diplomacy and illustrated the role of law experts from the world played in developing the theoretical research and practice of human rights theory in China.

Zhang Xiaoling, Professor of Human Rights Research Center of Party School of the Central Committee of CPC, thought the research on new development of Marxist human rights had important theoretical and practical significance. The statement of human rights was one of the major contents of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era. First, Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era was an important achievement of Marxist theory of human rights in China. Second, Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era paid attention to livelihood issues. Third, maintaining the authority of constitution would provide the most basic protection for human rights. Forth, judicial justice, the last line of defending the social fairness and justice, should be adhered to and the promotion of social fairness and justice should be regarded as the core value to pursue. People should find justice in every judicial case. Fifth, we should take China¡¯s own road of human rights development and promote the exchanges and cooperation of human rights with other countries. The report of the 19th CPC National Congress reflected President Xi Jinping¡¯s thoughts on human rights and set higher demands on the Party and all levels of governments, which was of great significance in guiding the development of the human rights in China.

Luo Yanhua, Professor of International Studies School of Peking University, thought that two milestones of China in 2017 were both related to the achievements of the Sinicized Marxist theory of human rights. On the one hand, building a community of shared destiny for mankind had been written in the resolution of the United Nations and had become a part of international human rights discourse system. There were also the concept of community in Marxism. The idea of a community of shared destiny for mankind and the real community Karl Marx pursued for a lifetime had the same connotation. On the other hand, the concept of promoting human rights by development put forward by China was introduced into the international human rights discourse system, which was reflected in draft resolution titled The Contribution to Human Rights Made by Development. This resolution was thought to reflect the voice of developing countries, and it was the first time for the United Nations to pass the resolution on development issue.

Professor Lu Zhi¡¯an, Deputy Director of National Human Rights Education and Training Base of Fudan University, said that according to his experience on studying in both western and eastern countries, human rights in the west based on individualism-centered liberalism. Then, how did China develop human rights? The realization and development of human rights needed time instead of happening overnight. At this stage, it was unrealistic to require China with the western standards. The report of the 19th National Congress of CPC pointed out that people had put forward higher requirements for a better life. The higher requirements including the demands for economic rights, social cultural rights and environmental rights, which were created by the economic development. Finally, everyone¡¯s development was the premise of other¡¯s development. Enjoying human rights and respecting other¡¯s human rights were in the harmony of the society.

Bao Lu, Professor of University of International Business and Economics Law School, asked a question. After solving the problem of food and clothing and building a moderately prosperous society, how did we develop human rights theoretically? He also emphasized that it was necessary to study comparative law especially in the respect of empirical human rights.

Professor Wang Xiumei, Deputy Dean of Human Rights Institute of Northwest University of Political Science and Law, shared her opinions on Sinicized Marxism. First, Marxist view of human rights had made contribution to human rights theory in the world. Second, human rights of China had an important task, which was to reach the international standards. Third, in practice, human rights should get closed to the public. Forth, we can have discourse power in the field of human rights and can established more institutions and organizations related to human rights.

Mr. Liu Gengyin, Director of China Society for Human Rights Studies and editor of Human Rights, thought the topic of the seminar adapted to the new demand for human rights in the new era. He also gave some suggestions on the development of the Sinicized Marxism. First, he hoped institutions and bases specialized in human rights can attach importance to Sinicized Marxist view of human rights. Second, we should expedite the preparation of systematic textbooks of Marxist view of human rights.

Xiao Junyong, Professor of law department of University of International Relations, pointed out that as the newest development of Sinicized Marxism theory, the community of shared destiny for mankind put forward by President Xi Jinping contained human rights requirements of safety, prosperity, inclusion and ecology. Professor Xiao Junyong also said that we should make strategic planning from the perspective of guiding the constructing new discipline of human rights.

Dr. Hua Guoyu, lecturer of People¡¯s Public Security University of China Law School, pointed out that China should promote the development of international human rights actively, change the current situation of criticizing and being criticized and develop itself to have equal dialogue with other countries. To avoid politicizing human rights, China should build equal, interactive and comprehensive international human rights relationship through human rights dialogue.

Finally, the seminar successfully ended up with the expectation for the fortieth anniversary of Reform and Opening up and the seventieth anniversary of the adoption of Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

(Editor: Han Ying)

 
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